We all want things to be clearly cut. It's not easy to process information that is inexact and to live in a state of constant uncertainty, so people tend to accept answers more readily than process theories.
Here were some of the answers.
In theory, a certain amount of insulin will help get rid of a certain amount of carbs, keeping your BG stabil when you eat.
BUT, tons of things make your sensitivity to insulin higher or lower. The list is long, but here is some of it.
- What kind of food you eat. Complex carbs make your BG rise and fall slower than simple carbs. Protein and fat slows it down.
- Exercise. Usually it lowers your BG to do cardio, but strength training makes BG's go up, and then down. Oh, and what did you eat before you started the workout?
-Amount of food. On big eating days like Christmas, the rise in BG can last all through the night if you pig out.
- Stress or disease.
- For the ladies: Menstrual cycle.
- For the ladies: Pregnancy.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Sleeping patterns.
- Smoking cigarettes/quitting smoking cigarettes.
- What kind of insulin you're taking.
- Time of day. Some people need more insulin at night than in the morning for the same amount of carbs.
- Weight loss/gain.
- Other meds you might be taking.
And this is just the tip of the iceberg.
So even though it's as simple as "Measure BG levels, act accordingly", sometimes the body is just wonky for no reason at all. It really can be a daily struggle.
The Cost Of Weight
A lot of everyday structural engineering is like this. I deal with engineers a lot and there is a lot of "it's probably fine" attitude with them. The safety factor is so high in a lot of their engineering that it doesn't matter. For example, if somebody wants a deck to support 2000 lbs they don't design a deck to support 2000 lbs. they design a deck that will probably support 6000 lbs and call it good without numbers or calcs. That is not true for all engineering, I'm just talking residential construction, which is where I deal with those engineers.
This Is Why They're Always Wrong
Meteorology. Like - people make jokes that the weather guy is always wrong, but do you know how HARD that it is? We can spot patterns, guess about what they are going to do - but at the end of the day, the atmosphere has a mind of it's own and does what it wants.
Don't be so hard on the weather guy. They are trying their best!
An Econ Degree
Trading or the stock markets in general.
It's basically a bunch of people in suits thinking they know where the market will go, when in reality, they don't. And if they weren't at that job that'd be at the track betting it all on #7 or something.
And I say this as someone who is a trader.
There are only a few basic types, and they are not precision or super custom-tailored. Furthermore, it's all trial and error to find the right fit for the individual.
Which is not to say people shouldn't take them. They can really make everything better.
Lest We Forget What Was Legal
Law. Jurisprudence can change. Sure, some rights are more or less established, but technology is bringing a lot of change to the table and in some areas people are not entirely sure of what it means. Aka. Labor law, criminal law, corporate law and intelectual property...
In the spirit of this thread, baking is much less of an exact science than people seem to think. or maybe i mean that cooking is more of a science than people think it is, depending on how you look at it.
Obviously, there are things that will go differently if you put in an extra teaspoon of baking powder or allow your pastry to get slightly too warm or whatever. but those same types of things happen in cooking. if your cooking device isn't hot enough, you won't get the maillard reaction or if you heat a sauce too quickly or add too much acid, it can break, etc. both "types" of cooking are going to involved incredibly complex interactions of heat, ingredients, time, etc.
people go on and on about how baking is such a science, but i think it's really because the cooking process is much more contained and hands-off in baking than in "cooking." with baking (i'm making generalizations, but stick with me), you prepare everything (be it a dough or a batter or whatever), and if something it a little off, you can't fix it once its in the oven. you put it in and hope everything is right. you also can't taste as you go with quite as much ease as with cooking (though you can, it just isn't quite the same). if you're cooking a cream sauce on the stovetop, you can add a little of this and a little of that if you notice it going south and getting too hot or not thickening or separating entirely, but ultimately, the very intricate reactions of your ingredients are still happening.
the difference between cooking and baking, if there is one, is the degree of damage control you can do once the cooking process starts (not much with baking vs more with cooking), not how inherently "scientific" one is over the other. as a result, baking may seem more scientific because getting things right earlier in the process is more important. people are, rightfully, more afraid of what happens once that cupcake goes in the oven, so the prep part of it - the measuring and weighing, etc. - gets more attention.
Digital electronics and binary values for bits are assigned by ballpark voltages.
If you can make a power-supply rated for 10V that stabilizes around like 9.5V, that's usually good enough.
If you need 1200ohms of resistance but you only have 1000, that's usually good enough.
Pretty much everything in electronics is designed to work "well enough".
In a lot of cases, geology.
Observations of the subsurface are expensive, difficult to obtain, of varying precision, and various methods depend on varying levels of judgement calls. Everything is extrapolated from less-than-ideal data, and generally less of it than we'd like.
Not to say it isn't well thought out and the most reasonable possible interpretation - it is just that it is f---ing HARD.
It is particularly annoying when I see somebody with a high school level of understanding of "what science is" (hypothesis, independent and dependent variable, control, etc) who has read into one thing exactly far enough to find a single imprecision, then claiming that, say, the IPCC has it all wrong because they aren't doing proper science. I wonder why they don't apply the same standards to, say, slope stability analysis - suddenly best-available-data is good enough!
DNA evidence. It's NOTHING like on the crime TV shows. You get a vague list of numbers and three hours of testimony about how you can't really tell anything from them.
Same with 23 and me and Ancestry DNA. The difference between a person and a dolphin is .1 and deciding if you're from Russia, which has borders that have been fluctuating for years, is nearly impossible. They update it all the time. My mother in law went from 25% British to 0% British in an update.
Remember the Dreamcast? If you don't, then you've been missing out. Sit down, sweet summer child, and listen up.
The Dreamcast was a console so ahead of its time that console has been a Dreamcast since there was a Dreamcast. Too advanced to match its competitors, not appealing enough to be considered part of the next generation. I have fond memories of that console. Crazy Taxi was a gem.
Not everything comes out at the right time. We heard about a few other examples after Redditor rentinghappiness asked the online community,
"In your opinion, what’s something that flopped because it was way ahead of its time?"
"It was vastly overhyped..."
"The original Segway. It was vastly overhyped, but now, we're seeing rental scooters and e-bikes change the way people get around urban areas. If the company had offered a Lime-style rental system from the beginning, the product might've become ubiquitous."
The problem with Segway seemed to be that they could not make them cheaply enough to fit into a reasonable personal transportation niche. They were the price of a small, used car. Not great.
"This was before major smartphones..."
"In 2005, two guys tried to create a service called “MyMobileMenu.” The idea was you could order food using a cell phone, similar to DoorDash."
"This was before major smartphones, so When that flopped, they later tried a new adventure and created a company you might’ve heard of: Reddit."
They actually started Reddit from the same code base and haven't updated the video player since.
"Brilliant show that perfectly toed the line between history and fiction. Extremely compelling characters and kick@ss cast. Wasn't very accurate but always authentic."
"Got way too expensive and was canceled after two seasons. If it had been released after GOT or any other epic show in this day and age and it would have been a smash hit."
James Purefoy as Mark Antony is one of my favourite performances from any media ever. What a show. We were robbed of so much further glory!
"An airline called Muse Air failed in 1985 largely in part because it was the first all non-smoking airline. Now everything is nonsmoking. It was purchased by Southwest and dismantled two years later in 1987."
And look at airlines now! Poor Muse Air.
"Those poor bastards waited..."
"Apparently Skype. Those poor bastards waited for the TV Guide channel to slowly scroll for years and just when what they were looking for showed up, they got distracted by the infomercial in the top right corner."
Somehow Microsoft bought it and despite consistently overwhelmingly negative feedback from users, its new director went forward with his own personal vision, and not only put in changes that no one wanted or asked for, but started stripping legitimate preexisting functionality out of the program.
"Sega Channel was such wizardry for the mid-1990s. It was like Christmas every month when they cycled in new games."
I remember this! It was so ahead of its time. It felt like being in the presence of actual magic!
"The movie tanked..."
"Videodrome '83. The movie tanked, but it was so spot on about people being addicted to media, ultraviolence becoming the norm, people adopting online personas, etc."
Truly... David Cronenberg is a twisted genius.
"It was the first commercial film to be shown in stereo and it used an early precursor to surround sound. WWII, high production costs, and the burden of building the sound equipment for showings prevented it from making any money at the time."
This is true! It's a spectacle that was definitely not appreciated at the time of its release.
"Smirnoff has been the laughing stock of alcohol for years. Now all of sudden everyone and their mother wants to drink fermented sugar drinks."
Funny how people came around – seemingly overnight.
"I distinctly remember..."
"The TV show Arrested Development. I distinctly remember the commercials for it and thought, Jesus that looks moronic. Fox chose the more obvious jokes to highlight and tried to make it seem like a zany hijinks type of comedy. They practically added slide whistles and “boing” sound effects to the commercials for it."
"Once I finally watched it I realized it’s brilliant. It was the first American show to do that style of comedy. Hand-held camera work, flashbacks, cutaways, etc. Which is ironic because later everyone would do it."
They made a huge mistake.
Arrested Development is a cult classic, a show made for streaming years before streaming was a thing.
You don't always realize you have a great thing going – and so much of success comes down to timing.
Have some examples of your own to share? Tell us more in the comments below!
Consumers who have money to burn often buy things they don't really need, like travel accessories, specialized sports equipment for an activity they've only done once, or even cookbooks, when plenty of recipes can be found online.
They might be missing out on buying things that could actually make life so much easier because it never occurs to them.
Curious to hear recommendations of items that can improve your life, Redditor icandoitw asked:
"What are some life-changing purchases that are 100% worth it?"
People thought it was worth spending a little extra for a better quality of life.
"Sounds simple but honestly, something as basic as a good pair of shoes that fit you well."
"A good mattress and pillow. We spend a third of our lives lying on it, why not invest in it? Anything that you use a lot, you should seriously invest in, like I have a $400 custom mechanical keyboard. People say I am crazy, but I use it every day, for hours on end, it’s my job."
"If you have trouble sleeping, a weighted blanket. I’ve gone from about 5.5 hrs average sleep per night to 7 hours average which is incredible for me, and I wake up feeling so well rested"
Better In The Dark
"Blackout curtains. Especially in the summertime, they help you sleep so much better."
"Good quality re-useable ear plugs. Soooo much better than the cheap foamy ones."
"They will definitely improve your life if you go to loud concerts. Filter our overtones so you can hear the music better at a loud punk show. Also hearing loss is irreversible and there's no cure for tinnitus."
Clear The Air
"For blind/visually impaired people: A smartphone. They literally are life changing, and can function as numerous separate and extremely pricy accessible devices and can do things like color and money recognition, text recognition, the uses are amazing."
"In general though, if you have allergies, especially seasonal or pet, AIR PURIFIER. When we bought our hous a few years ago, my allergies got so bad, we were almost considering moving, but then i bought an air purifier and it was so life changing, i got one for each floor of our house. One of the best purchases ever."
Life can be made easier with the help of these items.
"A second monitor."
"Suprised i didnt see this yet, but it improves productivity so much as you can have tabs open and type whatever you want on the other or even watch youtube etc."
Taking Stock In This
"3+ gallon stock pot. Boil pasta, potatoes, or whatever without a boil over. No more starch water burning all over the burner."
"a fully functioning computer."
"many people don't have one, they exist in phones or tablets, and holy sh*t they are missing out."
"Washer and dryer. No planning days and accumulating quarters for laundry. Just dump a load in a go about my business."
Save your back and your money by hiring people to do hard labor.
Refrain From Heavy Lifting
"paying for movers to do everything from pack to move all of it."
"never doing that sh*t again."
You Deserve It
"People really underestimate the power of this."
"At least in my social circle, for a long time it was just understood that if someone was moving everyone was showing up that day to lift and lug from house A to house B with the rich reward of beer and burgers after, as if it had all been some fun party everyone loved. This persisted even after people could conceivably afford movers."
"I personally think it is A LOT to expect of friends do that for you. Yeah, when you're young and you have three bags of clothes, two boxes of books, and a futon (and no disposable income at all), it's understandable. But paying for movers and then packers is something I did as soon as I had any money to pay for it. That is what money is for, it's not necessarily what friends are for."
The best pandemic purchase I made that was worth every penny was for several sets of free weights.
Once I canceled my gym membership, I invested in some dumbbells so I could follow YouTube workout videos in the comfort of my home.
They are not cheap; however, I'm saving more money in the long run without having to pay a monthly gym membership fee.
I've seen more gains from using the free weights and following an instructor on a monitor, and my motivation to work out is higher than ever.
If you find yourself plateauing at the gym, you may want to invest in making some changes to your exercise regimen that works for you.
You know, try as I might, I just can't bring myself to bother with The Walking Dead. I quit the show some years ago, probably around the time of that weird fakeout with Glen in the dumpster (and then his actual death right after that), but the truth is that the show was getting on my nerves for some time before that.
Did anyone actually care about all the nonsense going on with Deanna and the citizens of Alexandria? And can we go back a bit further and talk about how ludicrous Beth's death at the hands of some power-tripping officer in a hospital ward was? There was such a noticeable drop in quality after the third season that I questioned why I kept tuning in.
But this show is far from the only one to make people want to throw their remotes at their television screens. People shared their thoughts with us after Redditor regian24 asked the online community,
"What TV show was amazing at first but became unwatchable for you later on?"
The Walking Dead
"The Walking Dead."
"First few seasons were great with pretty good pacing. Later seasons devolve into telling one story at a time. They’d have a cliffhanger of a character maybe dying and do 3 weeks of other stories. By the time it gets back to the cliffhanger you have no idea what’s happening. That and it got repetitive."
See?! What did I tell you? After a splendid first season – one that could have been a standalone miniseries at that – the rest of the series just failed to live up to its initial promise.
"I watched every new episode of Glee when it came out and was slightly obsessed with the show. But as soon as it finished it all crumbled. The show makes no sense, is not good, and I could never rewatch it."
I just couldn't get into it. I found it grating. And the fact that the quality noticeably slipped afterward did not make my friends happy.
"Heroes: biggest drop in quality after season 1."
To be fair, the writer's strike really hurt that show's future. It never stood a chance after that – and my God, did I hear that that second season was horrible.
"Happy Days! Once Fonzie jumped the shark, while waterskiing and wearing his jacket, the show just got progressively worse."
This is the classic answer to this question. Gen Xers like me even use the term "jumping the shark" to refer to things that were once great but now suck.
"The Blacklist. So many loopholes and a never ending plot. I mean, the female hero (forgot her name) was wanted and had her pictures broadcast nationwide live, but a couple of weeks after she can do undercover work."
I couldn't even stand the first episode. I quit right after that. I could tell the quality was questionable.
"Arrow. It's what happens when you try to make so many seasons for a show meant for only a few."
This is true about lots of shows. The writers and executives just don't know when to quit.
Once Upon a Time
"Once Upon a Time. The first 3 seasons were good! And then after that they just kept getting worse."
People actually liked that show? I know, I know... I'm the worst. I just didn't see the appeal and it heard it got so ridiculous.
"A hilarious and intriguing show that slowly grew to be about a bunch of unlikable a-holes making bad, selfish decisions. When there's no one with any redeeming characteristics, there's no one for the audience to get behind."
It started out great but really started to go off the rails with characters making increasingly nonsensical choices. Nancy marrying the Mexican drug lord was the beginning of the end.
That '70s Show
"Not the worst offender, but That '70s Show tanked pretty hard once Eric left. He was sorely needed to make the chemistry of the group work."
Yeah, the way these characters continued to stick together even after that was just embarrassing.
House of Cards
"The first two seasons were amazing. After that it started to get progressively worse."
I would argue that even the second season began to stretch the limits of credulity. I lost interest after the fourth season (and both the third and the fourth seasons were a slog for me to get through).
There is some amazing television out there – I am currently making my way through Six Feet Under again – but there is even more disappointing television that should never make its way into your eyeballs.
Sorry if you've suffered.
Have some suggestions of your own? Tell us more in the comments below!
More often than not, what gets us to keep tuning in to our favorite TV shows, or drawn to certain movies, is to get a glimpse into various professions which fascinate us, but which we wouldn't ever want to work ourselves.
Needless to say, there aren't many people who find the Indiana Jones films to be a remotely accurate depiction of archaeology, or that the Jurassic Park films show what paleontology is really like.
But many people tend to watch iconic procedurals like Grey's Anatomy and Law & Order under the notion that they both give an accurate depiction of the medical field and the legal world.
Only, how accurate are they?
Redditor Just_Surround_2108 was curious to learn which professions have been documented on screen without as much research as one might expect, leading them to ask:
"What profession does Hollywood get completely wrong in films and TV?"
In case you had any doubts about hacking...
"Don't nobody code that fast lol."- lmoore0621
The better question is, what does Hollywood get right?
"Just about anything medical, including deaths."
"Just about anything dealing with space."
"Just about anything dealing with natural disasters."
"Actually, now that I think about it, I don't think Hollywood really gets anything right about anything."- Xyrus2000
"Especially in big firms, it’s a lot of just endless hours in front of a desk doing doc review."
"Sincerely, someone studying to do endless hours in front of a desk doing doc review."- geeeeeetarSeason 2 Nbc GIF by Law & OrderGiphy
For better or worse...
Don't let them in the operating room...
"Nursing."- buhzkillWake Up Coffee GIF by FOX TVGiphy
Drop that baton!
"Oh my god just take a lesson or two and learn how to hold the instrument right."- soysaucemmm
Crunching those numbers... incorrectly...
Accountants. I'm sorry, but the action Thriller "The Accountant" starring Ben Aff-lack, was in no way a true representation of my job. - User Deleted
Defying all laws of motion...
"It's hilarious how they act!."- Prestigious-Order-62back to the future 121 gigawatts GIFGiphy
At least depending on where you went to school...
If we're being honest, most people tune in to watch films or television shows to escape from reality, and aren't usually looking for a documentary on these professions.
Though, for anyone thinking they want to be a scientist after watching Back To The Future... you might want to really think that one over...